Passive Aggressive Communication Style

Every night dad reads the last book, shuts off the light, and I go up to sing a song. I think that the best way to deal with a passive communicater is by being assertive and clearly stating what it is that you want/need/feel. Learn more about communication styles; Learn more about verbal and non-verbal assertive. Recognize Different Communication Styles. Passive aggression is something that many people experience when dealing with another. Passive-aggressive relatives are exhausting, exasperating, and damaging to our mental and emotional well-being. Aggressive Vs Assertive Quiz. Passive-aggressive communication is a combination of the passive and aggressive styles. The aggressive communication defines a way of communicating that usually involves manipulation and the use of language for personal gain. Passive listeners do not learn language as quickly, because they tune out the meaning of the words being spoken and allow themselves to think of other things while listening to the language being spoken. There are four different communication styles: aggressive, passive, passive-aggressive, and assertive. We all have our own unique ways of communicating. Assertive Versus Unassertive and Aggressive Behavior Many people are concerned that if they assert themselves others will think of their behavior as aggressive. Again, this is an in-built programme that can be developed throughout your life. Communication Style Case Study Analyze the three scenarios where passive assertive aggressive and passive-aggressive communication styles are illustrated. To deal with passive aggressive behavior, try to keep a positive attitude and avoid being passive aggressive in response, even though it might not be easy. truly passive-aggressive creates an environment that makes it virtually impossible to interact in a normal, healthy way, through very subtle, almost sleight of hand, sabotaging behavior. Which style of communication do you identify with and are most comfortable? What is the style of communication of your current/past relationship? What style of communication is your current partner or the people you attract comfortable with? Five styles of communication in romantic relationships. If you communicate in a way that's too passive or too aggressive, your message may get lost because people are too busy reacting to your delivery. Passive-Aggressive Communication. Passive-Aggressive Communication. Find out if you are passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive or assertive. ” for tips, tools and techniques for improving your communication style. If you become involved with a passive aggressive man within a few months you will come face to face with a man who is either very hostile or shuts down and withdraws. The Passive communications style says: "I don't count. We need to be able to give our students criteria about the differences in communication styles so they can reflect and shift strategies, depending on the situation. Let’s work through an everyday example to see what passive, aggressive, passive/aggressive and assertive statements look like. Passive-aggressive communication. This is most often referred to as "passive aggressive". Assertive Communication. Assertive Versus Unassertive and Aggressive Behavior Many people are concerned that if they assert themselves others will think of their behavior as aggressive. " The Passive-Aggressive communications style says : "I count. The way we communicate is determined by childhood education, environment, and our own will. Passive, aggressive and assertive are communication styles. You are typically talking with a loud voice with a posture that conveys that you are better and bigger than others. Sometimes, some aggression is mixed in passive behavior, resulting in a passive-aggressive style of communication. During a critical conversation, assertive communication styles deliver the message in a firm yet professional manner. Aggressive Communication is a style in which individuals express their feelings and opinions and advocate for their needs in a way that violates the rights of others. Disregards others' rights Chooses activities for others Often hostile, demanding, and egotistical Communication Style Communication Behaviors Interactive assertive communication style Non-Interactive passive communication style Dominating aggressive communication style Dr. COMMUNICATION STYLES. The Passive, Aggressive, and Assertive Communication worksheet gives an overview of each communication style, along with tips to help your clients recognize each one. The passive-aggressive communication style involves a lot of strategizing and intends to avoid direct confrontation. Definition. This provides a great starting point for conversations about communication styles, and replacing aggression and passivity with assertiveness. If you use a passive communication style, others are more likely to ignore your needs, which may leave you feeling hurt or even angry with them for not treating you better. 5 Understanding Your Communication Style We form an impression of others by observing their behavior. Many of these stresses involve failure to communicate effectively. 300 True or False: Being aggressive is a good choice. Assertive people state their opinions, while still being respectful of others. Passive communication is a style in which you avoid directly saying what you think or want and that often involves uncomfortable body language. “A lot of the things that involve power on the highest levels sometimes involve the darker side of human psychology. Take This Communication Style Quiz to Find Out! When you're finished, if you don't like your results in this communication quiz, be sure to read my blog post, "Positive Assertiveness: 7 Tips for Stepping Up Without Stepping on Toes. Disrupting the PNWs Passive Aggressive Communication Norms, The Riveter, 501 SE 14th Ave, Portland, Oregon 97214, Portland, United States. But I notice they both exhibit passive-aggressive communication styles. Passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive, and assertive are four types of communication. There are four main types of communication styles that most people identify with. ' The ideal, in other words, is an assertive style that takes account both of your feelings and needs and those of others. Here's an example of a conversation I had with a relative trying to manipulate me recently: Relative: Do you think I'm a good (relative)?. Effective Communication How our personal styles influence what others hear? Agenda • Communication Styles – Self Quiz – Aggressive – Passive. Fail to deal with conflict honestly, and you might wind up sabotaging a. It is important to understand the different communication styles to. Google Wave And The Dawn Of Passive-Aggressive Communication. Many people are concerned that if they assert themselves others will think of their behavior as aggressive. Assertiveness. 13 Phrases That Are Acceptable In Real Life, But Annoyingly Passive-Aggressive When Used While Texting. Counselors there will help you practice your assertiveness skills. Read more articles on managing employees. Passive-aggression might be hard to describe, but you know it when you see it. The dictionary says that being passive-aggressive is “a personality type or behavior marked by the expression of. friendship and social skills assertiveness primary visual support passive aggressive assertive communication worksheets. of communication style bias and its effect on interpersonal relations. The focus of this survey was the three basic communication styles. Self Help Books. A word of caution… The caution about trying to avoid aggressiveness, and replacing it with assertiveness is that some people will take it too far the other way… they will elect a passive approach, and assert themselves less than warranted or even not at all. The maximum is 20 per style and your total for the four styles should be 40. Discounting your own needs and wants Aggressive Being demanding, hostile or rude. These quotes about passive aggressive behavior capture some of the most commonly experienced symptoms and characteristics. Communication Styles: A Self-Assessment Exercise Instructions: Please select from each pair of attributes the one which is most typical of your personality. It is crucial to understand when and how to apply your assertiveness skills and techniques, and to understand that it's not always even appropriate. Aggressive. Communication Approaches. Pretending not to understand is a typical passive-aggressive strategy. Passive-aggression (or passive-aggressive) is another of the top 5 most misunderstood and misused terms in mental health. Scoring Sheet for the Communication Styles Assessment Instructions: Circle the items you have selected and add up the totals for each style (one point per answer). Afraid to say no. You can 100% stop your passive-aggressive behaviors, and you'll see that it will really help your work life. Knowing about the communication styles is helpful in two ways. Here is a closer look at these two styles and how practicing assertiveness enables one's leadership to become more natural, positive, and effective. Passive Aggressive Notes is a site that reports agonizingly amenable and cleverly antagonistic notes from shared spaces throughout the world. Passive aggressive behavior is the most dangerous communication style in business. This can be particularly important if you are writing a self assessment. A passive-aggressive communication style does not address and properly deal with the pertinent issues or problems. How to be Assertive In Any Situation. It has some useful practical tips and exercises to work with. Discounting your own needs and wants Aggressive Being demanding, hostile or rude. Sugar-Coated Hostility. Disrupting the PNWs Passive Aggressive Communication Norms, The Riveter, 501 SE 14th Ave, Portland, Oregon 97214, Portland, United States. The passive communicator usually works for others to do their bidding. Style Food & Drink Home There's aggressive communication, there's passive communication, and there's passive-aggressive communication. There are 4 basic communication styles and this video shows examples of each. When it comes to communication, balance is key. Which of the following communication styles includes the desire to avoid conflict, but still tries to get things done in their favor with manipulation? A. This article will help you identify which of the four common styles of communication best describes you. Causes of passive-aggressive personality disorder. In passive strategies, you communicate in a way that protects the other person's interests at the expense of yours. You have probably heard the term "passive aggressive" and did not know what it meant. When you are done, check to see which column has the most checkmarks. Discuss the major elements of the communication style model. People experience anger and control but they fear expressing themselves directly. Has a hard time maintaining eye contact. We learn styles of emotionally responding to life from those around us. Aggressive Worksheet, helps students to identify their communication style and to teaches them about appropriate ways of handling conflict. Assertive communication is direct and respectful. For example: aggressive, passive-aggressive, passive, or assertive. Assertive communication is generally. The main points of this paper are the types of communication styles such as aggressive, passive, and assertive and understanding them to succeed in life, career and education. If someone has low self-esteem or poor communication skills, they may adopt a passive-aggressive communication style, which means they approach conversations with an aggressive and negative undertone, hidden behind a mask of passivity and indirectness. Less effective communication techniques include aggressive, passive or passive-aggressive styles. Passive: Tends to give in to other people’s wishes while forgetting their own needs and wants. Briefly summarize why people may choose different styles of communication: Passive Communication Style Subject 1-51 - 1-52 Summarize the following information about the Passive Communication Style: Aggressive Communication Style Subject 1-52 - 1-53. If you have this type of friend or. In many ways, passive aggressive behaviour can be the most difficult to deal with as it is not always immediately recognisable. Assertiveness Training Worksheets. There are four basic communication styles: passive-aggressive, assertive, aggressive, and passive. Worksheets are The four basic styles of communication, Passive aggressive and assertive communication, Ideas for better communication, Communication styles a self assessment exercise, Communication styles a self assessment exercise, Communication, Whats your communication style, Communication skills for healthy. The 7 principles of assertive communication are important. Do a quick Google search and you’ll find the classic four: assertive, aggressive, passive-aggressive, and. Rarely is a person 100% of any one style. A person who uses passive-aggressive communication style has the uncanny ability to somehow be the victim. This study was accomplished to confirm the. Every time that you answered “Rather true” to a given question, you can add 1 point to the corresponding attitude. First, when you know your own default style, you can spot the best opportunities to use that style and build up your strengths. Each time passive-aggressive behavior is answered with a mirrored counter passive-aggressive response from parents, the hidden means of expressing anger is reinforced and an opportunity for direct emotional expression is lost. In this mode we don't talk much, question even less, and actually do very little. There are four basic communication styles: expressive, systematic, sympathetic, and direct. And if we saw the adults around us act aggressively towards others when life got challenging, then that might be our automatic. Assertive communication is generally. The test is an intelligent strategy for getting to know your personalized communication style. Aggressive behaviour is the fight response. So I view assertiveness, aggressiveness, and passiveness as functions of working toward a goal. There are 4 basic communication styles and this video shows examples of each. Sometimes, the few times they express their opinion, ask forgiveness beforehand or try to do it, or say things like "This is surely silly, but. Passive-aggressive behavior is behavior in which someone, with one fell swoop, attempts two separate goals: to express anger toward you, and to frustrate you. People communicating assertively know themselves well enough to know their own wants and needs, and they are willing to ask for what they want and need from others. Definition. Passive communicators often lack of respect for themselves, disregarding their own opinions, feelings, needs, and desires. One of you likes to handle things right away. They will give people the silent treatment and try to make people feel guilty to get what they want, says author and communication skills coach Barbara Small. Passive-aggressiveness is a learned response to the home life dynamic experienced in youth. Fail to deal with conflict honestly, and you might wind up sabotaging a. Passive Aggressive Assertive. How to deal with a passive aggressive boss. Many companies do not like their staff to write using passive sentences. Featured in Life & Style. It combines the worst characteristics of the passive AND aggressive styles. Passive aggressive communication is not always just limited to those you live with– sometimes it is most regularly used by those who live around you. Teaching Assertive Communication: An Essential Life Skill Is your child a passive or aggressive communicator? Learning more about these communication styles can help you understand where your child is coming from and encourage assertive communication skills for more effective interactions with others. Communication Styles Passive Assertive Aggressive General Compliant, submissive, talks little, Communication Styles Author: Carol Vivyan Created Date:. Giving in and saying “yes” when you don’t really want to. Some leaders become cynical, mistrusting and covertly resistant, particularly under stress. There are 4 basic communication styles and this video shows examples of each. Effective Communication How our personal styles influence what others hear? Agenda • Communication Styles – Self Quiz – Aggressive – Passive. Many people do not enjoy conflict. This study was accomplished to confirm the. • Keeping passive-aggressive behaviour from causing you to lose your credibility. Passive-aggression is the indirect expression of negative feelings. 4 Dominant Communication Styles Although there are many different personalities, communication styles can be broken into four major profiles. The aim is that they start to mirror your fact based, communication style. Self-esteem, childhood attachment styles, family dynamics, and learned behaviors can all play a role. Opposite to passive communication, aggressive communication holds nothing back. The maximum is 20 per style and your total for the four styles should be 40. Passive listeners do not learn language as quickly, because they tune out the meaning of the words being spoken and allow themselves to think of other things while listening to the language being spoken. Assertive communication is born of high self-esteem. We need strategies on how to be more assertive during tough conversations, and not just be aggressive, or passive-aggressive, or just plain passive. I've had this problem with my friend for 5 years. 20) Style 1. Learning how to say, “This is what I need,” or “I disagree,” can be very helpful. Every time we speak, we choose and use one of four basic communication styles: assertive, aggressive, passive and passive-aggressive. The Passive, Aggressive, and Assertive Communication worksheet gives an overview of each communication style, along with tips to help your clients recognize each one. Communicating with others requires learning about the different styles of communication that exist across a continuum. Communication Styles - this page as PDF. Aggressive communicators are easily identified by their demanding. PASSIVE STYLE The passive style tries to avoid. He offers helpful insights into the difference between passive, aggressive, and assertive styles of communication and to create healthier conversations. " People who use an aggressive communication style are often perceived as judgmental, domineering, place "shoulds" on other people, and are critical of others behavior. Learn the first step to becoming more assertive including taking a good look at how you and those around you interact. The others, as you can see in the picture above, are not. Many companies do not like their staff to write using passive sentences. But dealing with communication styles different than your own can sometimes feel like trying to get across to an alien species. Passive-Aggressive Communication. In fact, it is a form of expression of violence, which is manifested through both the verbal language and the para-verbal language of the person. It is the healthiest and most effective style of communication - the sweet spot between being too aggressive and too passive. If you’re on the other end and your roommate is beginning to show passive aggressive behavior, the last thing you should do is engage in the same behavior as a response. Assertive Communication. It eschews accountability, which in turn leaves little room for growth: you can’t learn from failures that don’t exist. You are typically talking with a loud voice with a posture that conveys that you are better and bigger than others. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. PASSIVE-AGGRESSIVE COMMUNICATION is a style in which individuals appear passive on the surface but are really acting out anger in a subtle, indirect, or behind-the-scenes way. So they usually feel powerless, stuck and resentful. By making the nonverbal communication more clear, misunderstandings can be resolved. There are three basic types of communication; assertive, non-assertive, and aggressive. Confrontation sucks. Finding effective ways to communicate with fellow human beings is a skill that will help us to reach our interpersonal and professional goals more effectively. Knowing about the communication styles is helpful in two ways. Only the fourth communication style, assertive, can ensure a healthy relationship and make you feel happy about your social interactions. There are 3 main types of communication: passive, aggressive, and assertive. At the core of being aggressive, is the assumption that "I'm ok and you're not. Thanks to social media, being passive. Different sorts of behaviour and language are characteristic of each. Even though your cultural background may make you more inclined to a passive communication style, you can attend seminars or workshops to develop a more aggressive communication style for business purposes. We want to be clear on how to communicate assertively, so it is important to know the difference between these styles. Passive-aggressive communicators believe in getting their way through manipulation (aggressive). Comparison of: Passive-Assertive-Aggressive Characteristics of Passive, Assertive, and Aggressive Problem Solving Styles Passive Assertive Aggressive Not standing up for self Standing up for self Standing on others Non-assertiveness (being passive) is permitting other people to treat you, your thoughts and your feelings in. He ignores you. They use criticism, intimidation, and humiliation to dominate others. Here's how to defuse their behavior and not allow yourself to get. We have the choice to change our communication style if need be, as there are times when it's best to stay passive and other times when aggressive communication may be necessary to present a point. I think that the best way to deal with a passive communicater is by being assertive and clearly stating what it is that you want/need/feel. Keep a paper trail of facts. There's no direct critique of work, good or bad. May 6, 2008. In order to deal with an overwhelming lack of power, prisoners of war will resort to employing this communication style. Ironically, the more aggressive sports rely heavily on team members and rational coaching strategies. It is born of high self-esteem and is neither too passive and too aggressive. This is the “bullying” style of communication. The Benefits of Being Assertive Being assertive is typically viewed as a healthier communication style. I now notice my tendencies toward this passive-aggressive style of communication. People who develop a pattern of passive -aggressive. Arredondo (2000) states that communication is an integral part within the workplace, and helps in improving efficiency and relationships with workers and clients. aggressive, passive-aggressive, and passive. Pretending not to understand is a typical passive-aggressive strategy. THE IMPACT OF DIRECT AND INDIRECT COMMUNICATION By Cynthia Joyce, The University of Iowa Published in the November, 2012, edition of the Independent Voice, the newsletter of the International Ombudsman Association. Positive communication requires people in recovery to let go of familiar tactics like manipulation and replace them with assertiveness. This communication style is replete with an avoidance of expressing opinions and needs. These communication styles are: Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic. Communication Styles. Some research has shown that levels of argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness in both sons and daughters correlated highly with their mothers' levels of these traits. Assertive communication is generally. Passive-aggressive resistance is when kids learn to develop power over you by resisting you. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Aggressive Vs Assertive Quiz. There is passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive and assertive. The behavior exhibits a mixture of. Passive: Tends to give in to other people's wishes while forgetting their own needs and wants. Styles of Communication : PASSIVE. Monitoring Your Communication Style Managers engage in a number of different communication styles with workers. Aggressive communicators tend to be extremely ambitious, belligerent and demanding. Specifically, these are the aggressive, passive, and assertive. Which communication style do you use? Maybe at times you use them all but which one would you like to use most often? Learn more. PASSIVE STYLE The passive style tries to avoid. These communication styles are: Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic. Also called soft skills, social skills, life skills or people skills, interpersonal skills are a key to life's. In every conversation, our communication style either makes it easier or harder for the other person to understand what we mean. Aggressive people feed into others' fears rather than confidence. While passive communication and aggressive communication are very different from one another, they can actually be combined to create a third communication style. A passive-aggressive person would instead say: It ostensibly avoids a conflict but in fact provokes one—with the very lack of communication serving as a taunt and a goad. Does this sound any similar to you? If so then this could be your communication styles. The Assertive Style Assertive communication is born of high self- esteem. Nonetheless, we’ve found that the passive-aggressive organization is the hardest to change of the seven types we studied because such companies have generally had more time than the others to. Passive – Stay in the corner and don’t express opinions at all. You Never Get Too Good at the Art of Communication. However, passive and aggressive communication might work better on some occasions. 13 Phrases That Are Acceptable In Real Life, But Annoyingly Passive-Aggressive When Used While Texting. ' The ideal, in other words, is an assertive style that takes account both of your feelings and needs and those of others. 0 training so that everyone can quickly put their report and the Communication Styles 2. People who use this style are active listeners, state clear expectations, make non-judgmental. Google Wave And The Dawn Of Passive-Aggressive Communication. Assertive way of communication is to speak to the point only. Passive-aggressive behavior is behavior in which someone, with one fell swoop, attempts two separate goals: to express anger toward you, and to frustrate you. People who use this style are exceedingly blunt. Historically, I think I’ve moved from passive (in my teens and early 20’s) to aggressive (in my late 20’s and early 30’s) in my communication style. Aggressive behavior in the workplace puts employees at risk, hinders productivity and hurts the company’s reputation. Communication Styles Within each row, place a checkmark in the column that describes your usual style the best. Through your assertiveness and show of respect, the passive person may begin to feel more comfortable and they in turn may learn to trust you and thus they may become more open and assertive themselves. If you use a passive communication style, others are more likely to ignore your needs, which may leave you feeling hurt or even angry with them for not treating you better. Usually you would be happy to let them in, but this time you’re busy. Let's summarize… Most of our stress today comes from interpersonal difficulties. It can make the person using this communication style feel as if they don't really have a voice and it can put distance in relationships because people become suspicious about the person's underlying meaning in their words. Their communication style can be the deadliest because of it's secretive manner. The passive-aggressive style may agree in the moment but sabotage the solution later. of communication style bias and its effect on interpersonal relations. Aggressive, Assertive or Passive: Your Writing Tells. One idea that can help you choose the best communication strategy for the situation comes from what I call the communication continuum. It is where you are angry with someone but do not or cannot tell them. There are four basic communication styles: expressive, systematic, sympathetic, and direct. If you’ve got hearing loss, understanding your own communication style can help you to better communicate. Passive communication is pretty self-explanatory. Tapping into the right communication style- assertive, aggressive, passive, passive-aggressive- at the right moment can help you create positive relationship interactions. Choose a peaceful moment for this: "I need to tell you something and I'd like you to hear me out before you comment. Someone in front of you at the cinema is rocking their chair back and forth, annoying you. Passive-Aggressive Communication A combination of styles, passive-aggressive avoids direct confrontation (passive), but attempts to get even through manipulation (aggressive). There are three styles of communication that people use: Passive, Assertive, and Aggressive. Communication styles: Case examples The following case scenario demonstrates the differences between passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive, and assertive communication. The Benefits of Being Assertive Being assertive is typically viewed as a healthier communication style. Styles of Communication : PASSIVE. Communication Styles. This style can also lead to poor relationships characterized by a lack of communication and high levels of conflict. In this style of communication the aggressor has not made room for two people in the discourse; the aggressor's voice (and behavior) strangle the other's expression. There are three basic types of communication; assertive, non-assertive, and aggressive. Scoring Sheet for the Communication Styles Assessment Instructions: Circle the items you have selected and add up the totals for each style (one point per answer). The team will examine what took place between the delegator and the delegate in each case study, explain the communication style, and discuss the consequences. The truth is, passive-aggressive men and women usually have a low self-esteem and feel insecure. • Give each participant the completed Styles of Communication chart handout. Choose from 81 different sets of term:communication+styles = assertive, passive, aggressive flashcards on Quizlet. It’s the opposite of aggression: instead of threatening or yelling at you, a passive-aggressive child simply doesn’t answer you. Characteristics of Passive-Aggression. Being assertive offers. Another activity with this pack is to sort the style cards between assertive, aggressive and passive. Here are 4 common passive conflict styles: The Avoider: Avoiders refuse to fight. Assertive Communication - 6 Tips For Effective Use Assertiveness communication is a useful communication tool. By - Mumbai Mirror. The Aggressive communication Defines a way of communicating that usually involves the manipulation and the use of the language to obtain personal benefits. The behavior exhibits a mixture of. There are four types of communication styles: passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive, and assertive. intentionally ignoring someone to hurt or coerce them). Or, call your local Mountain State Center for Independent Living. There are a few different frameworks for understanding communication styles. While passive communication and aggressive communication are very different from one another, they can actually be combined to create a third communication style. Couples who are stuck in a cycle of passive-aggressive communication can also benefit from learning new communication skills. You need to master a few techniques before taking up the task of confronting them. Aggressive behaviour is the fight response. No pair is an either-or proposal. Participants gain an understanding of each style and the appropriate time to use each communication style. Every time we speak, we choose and use one of four basic communication styles: assertive, aggressive, passive and passive-aggressive. Assertiveness is the healthiest of these communication types and is the most likely to help you achieve your goals. Assertive communication style. P=Passive, Ag=Aggressive, P/A=Passive Aggressive, and As: Assertive. Online Communication Styles 2. Has a hard time making decisions. How to deal with a passive aggressive boss. Passive-aggressive relatives are exhausting, exasperating, and damaging to our mental and emotional well-being. Situations when a good dose of passive or aggressive style is needed. Learn more about your/other's communication style and preference; the difference between passive, passive-aggressive, aggressive and assertive communication styles, and determine how to best negotiate your needs in your different relationships, whether learning how speak up, set limits or both. Diversity of thought is crucial to arriving at innovative solutions. Manipulative. Some cultures have more passive aggressive behavior than others and many of these cultures are English speaking countries. The following traits are most commonly associated with aggressive communication style: Personality. Passive Aggressive Assertive. This style is rather sneaky and devious, where the intention is to make the other person suffer without any direct attack. Self-consciousness. Finding effective ways to communicate with fellow human beings is a skill that will help us to reach our interpersonal and professional goals more effectively. Understanding Your Communication Style Good communication skills require a high level of self-awareness. I have no one to snuggle with. Explain Communication Styles. Being aggressive rather than assertive can cause others in your life to feel hurt, angry or disrespected, and they might respond aggressively in return. This is also shown in problem solving, where men take a straightforward approach compared with women who tend to establish intimacy, show concern and empathy. 7 I assess communication style traits in others. Which communication style do you use? Maybe at times you use them all but which one would you like to use most often? Learn more. Understanding the behavior behind someone’s communication style is the key to coaching someone to respond well in high-stake situations. In this style of communication, the passive party does not express the feelings that are taking place. What are the advantages and disadvantages? When would you want to use each? When would you not want to use each? What are the criteria for selecting the type of communication behavior style to use? 10. This form of communication can have both hazardous effects of passive and aggressive communication. Common Behaviors Of This Communication Style Are: Rolling your eyes while agreeing to help someone, then talking about the person later. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: